EV Supply Chain and Investment Map

This map compiles ZETA research to illustrate EV investments across the country. These private investments are creating tens of thousands of good-paying auto jobs that will reinvigorate communities, generating thousands of additional indirect jobs. And these investments aren’t the only financial benefits that will derive from electrifying the transportation sector: because of the climate and public health benefits of transportation electrification, achieving 100% EV sales by 2030 and a cleaner grid will prevent $1.3 trillion in health and environmental costs in the coming decades.

Source: ZETA Research; Last Updated: January 26, 2024.

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In the second half of the 20th century, the United States became the automotive manufacturing capital of the world. But over time, we ceded thousands of American jobs and billions of dollars to foreign automakers.

Despite those losses, the United States’ auto sector nevertheless employs more than four million Americans, making it one of the largest industries in the United States. 

The U.S. auto sector has an opportunity to become ascendent once again as electric vehicles (EVs) emerge as the industry’s next big evolution. More than 250,000 Americans already work in the domestic EV sector, and the EV industry has the potential to create over two million jobs in the United States in the coming decades.

Domestic demand for EVs is growing, but EVs still account for less than 5% of all U.S. auto sales. With the right policy support, American auto workers will benefit as demand grows: the majority of EVs sold in the United States are American-made, and the market share of American-made EVs is larger than the market share of American-made gas-powered cars. Four of the five highest-scoring cars on Cars.com’s 2023 American-made Index are EVs, further highlighting domestically manufactured EVs’ popularity. 

The automotive industry is massively scaling up their EV-related investments. Automakers are investing billions of dollars to build new manufacturing and battery processing plants across the country, and they’re teaming up with mineral processing and recycling companies to fortify the domestic supply chain for critical minerals like lithium and nickel. Critical mineral reserves are plentiful throughout the United States and North America, and domestic production is increasing. By securing our supply chain for critical minerals, we will create good-paying jobs and reduce our dependence on foreign economies. 

proterra worker in factory

For good reason, local leaders are vying to land these investments in their states...

“As we continue to diversify our economy, manufacturing these zero-emission school buses in West Virginia will open up a world of opportunities for our state.... the ripple effects on our state’s economy are going to be off-the-charts.”

Governor Jim Justice (R-WV) about ZETA member company GreenPower Motor Company’s new electric bus manufacturing facility in West Virginia.
green power electric vehicles in west virginia
electric vehicle manufacturing

This “$7 billion investment in Michigan—the largest in [GM’s] history—will create and retain 5,000 good-paying jobs and enable us to build on our legacy as the place that put the world on wheels."

Governor Gretchen Whitmer (D-MI) about General Motors’ plan to dramatically scale up its electric vehicle manufacturing capacity in Michigan.

This is “the largest single investment of economic activity in the state's history.”

Governor Bill Lee (R-TN) about LG Energy Solutions and GM’s new battery plant in Tennessee.
nashville skyline
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The ZETA Education Fund is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit affiliate of the Zero Emission Transportation Association focused on educating the public on the environmental and social benefits and opportunities associated with broad EV adoption.